The algebra did not use symbols…they
were stated and solved verbally
al-jabr can be translated to
“resto ration ” or “completion”
Latin version of the Arabic word al-jabr
can be translated to “the science of
Moroccan Arabs introduced the word
“algebrista” (used in Spain) which means
”restorer of broken bones, bonesetter.”
Bonesetting and bloodletting were done
at the barber shop so the barber was
known as an algebrista
This is why the barber poles are
During the ninth and tenth centuries,
Abu Kamil shows calculations of complex
area problems which solves three nonlinear
equations with three unknowns
The ancient Babylonians solved quadratic equations by some of the
same procedures taught today.
The earliest algebra is the Egyptian Rhind Papyrus
Algebra most likely originated in Babylonia
820 AD The Arabic scholar al-Khwarizmi is
credited with beginning Algebra. Al Khwarizmi
used earlier Hindu mathematical ideas as well as
other earlier works.
Musa al-Khwarizmi who lived from 780--850 A.D.
is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all times .
Al-Khwarizmi wrote one of the first Arabic
algebra books which was a systematic
documentation of the basic theory of equations,
with both examples and proofs.
Algebra isn’t considered the independent invention
of any single person. It is a field of study that
had numerous significant contributors over many
A significant development in algebra in the 16th
century was the introduction of symbols for the
unknown and for algebraic powers and operations .
Rene Descartes wrote Book III of La géometrie
This book looks a lot like a modern algebra text.
Descartes most significant contribution to
mathematics was his discovery of analytic
geometry, which reduces the solution of
geometric problems to the solution of algebraic
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