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Practice Math Placement Exam

Answers:

1. What is the product of −4 and −8?

Answer: 32 Remember that the product of two negative numbers is positive, and the product
of a negative and a positive is negative.

2. What is 28 ÷ (−7)?

Answer: −4 The properties for dividing positive and negative numbers is the same as for
multiplication.

3. What is

Answer: Adding and subtracting fractions with the same denominator is easy. Here,
we have 17 fifteenths and we’re subtracting 8 fifteenths, which leaves 9 fifteenths. The Math
Placement Exam is a multiple choice test, and the correct answer may not be in reduced
form.

4. What is

Answer:Multiplying and dividing fractions is also easy. To multiply, you multiply the
numerators and you multiply the denominators. In this case, we are dividing by 6/11, which
is equivalent to multiplying by 11/6. In other words, we invert and multiply.

5. Simplify

Answer: 3 Remember to use the standard order of ope rations (grouping symbols, then
exponents and radicals , then multiplication/division, and finally addition and multiplication.
In this case, the division bar tells us to compute the numerator and denominator before
dividing. In the numerator, we do the multiplication first, to get 19 − 10, which simplifies
to 9. Finally, 9 divided by 3 equals 3.

6. What is

Answer: 29/30 To add these fractions, we must first convert both fractions so that they have
the same denominator, which in this case can be 30. This gives us  This is now
similar to problem 3, and we get 29/30.

7. Round 177.546811 to three decimal places (that is, round to three digits
to the right of the decimal point.)

Answer: 177.547 To round correctly, we look at the next digit. If the next digit is 5 or more,
we round up. Otherwise, we round down. In this case, the next digit is 8, so we round the
6 up to 7.

8. Convert 0.3547 to a fraction.

Answer: 3547/10000 Remember that the digits to the right of the decimal point re present tenths ,
hundredths, thousandths, etc. In this case, the fourth digit represents ten-thousandths, and
we have 3,547 of these ten-thousandths.

9. Evaluate the expression x2 − 5x + 3 for x = −1.

Answer: 9 It’s a good idea to always substitute into parentheses. Here, we get (−1)2
5(−1) + 3 = 1 + 5 + 3 = 9.

10. Write the following without parentheses −3(x2 − 3x + 4).

Answer: −3x2+9x−12 We’re distributing here , and the −3 must be multiplied times every
term inside the parentheses.

11. Multiply out (x − 3)(x + 5).

Answer: x2 + 2x − 15 Some would call this FOIL-ing. In general, when multiplying poly-
nomials by polynomials, we multiply every term in the first factor times every term in the
second. Here, we get x · x + x · 5 + (−3) · x + (−3) · 5 = x2 + 5x − 3x − 15 = x2 + 2x − 15.

12. Multiply out (x − 5)2.

Answer: x2 − 10x + 25 The result of this is a perfect square trinomial , which we know will
take a special form. Alternatively, we can simply multiply (x−5)(x−5) as we did in problem
11.

13. Simplify x4 · x3.
Answer: x7 Here, we have 4 factors of x times 3 factors of x, which is 7 factors altogether.
Symbolically, when we multiply exponential expressions with the same bases, we add the
exponents.

14. Simplify (x3)5.
Answer: x15 Here, we have 3 factors of x multiplied 5 times, which is 15 factors altogether.
Symbolically, when we raise an exponential expression to another exponent, we multiply
exponents.

15. Simplify

Answer: x5 Here, we have 9 factors of x, and we are dividing by 4 factors of x. This leaves
5 factors. Symbolically, when we divide exponential expressions with the same bases, we
subtract exponents.

16. Simplify (−1)4.

Answer: 1 Remember that when multiplying an even number of negative numbers together,
the result is positive. If there are an odd number of negatives, the result is negative.

17. Solve the equation 3x + 4 = 10.

Answer: x = 2 When solving linear equations, we do the same thing to both sides to try to
get x by itself on one side. In this case, we can subtract 4 from both sides to get 3x = 6.
Then we divide both sides by 3 to get x = 2. At this point it is obvious that x must be 2.

18. What is 50% of 70?

Answer: 35 A percent, like 50% can be thought of as a fraction, 50/100 = 0.50. To find “a
percentage of ..., ” we multiply. In this case, we have 0.50 · 70 = 35. On the Placement
Exam, you’ll need to be able to do this without a calculator.

19. Of x = −2, x = −1, x = 0, x = 1, and x = 3, which are solutions to
the inequality 3x2 ≥ 12?

Answer: x = −2, 3 There are infinitely many solutions to this inequality, but this question
is only asking which of these numbers are solutions. Plugging x = −2 into the left side, we
get 3(−2)2 = 12, which is equal to, and therefore greater than or equal to, 12, so x = −2 is
a solution. For x = −1, the left side is 3(−1)2 = 3, which is not greater than or equal to 12,
so x = −1 is not a solution. Similarly, you will find that x = 0 and x = 1 are not solutions,
and x = 3 is a solution.

20. Simplify | 7 − 11 |.

Answer: 4 You can think of an absolute value as being a distance from zero, and as a result
must be zero or positive . In this case, we have | 7 − 11 | = | − 4 | = 4.

21. Graph the equation −2x + 5y = 10.

Answer: a.
To graph a line, you need to find at least two points on the line (i.e., two solutions to the
equation). Two easy points take the form (0, y) and (x, 0). For (0, y), if we substitute into
the equation, we get −2(0) + 5y = 10, which becomes 5y = 10 and y = 2. The point (0, 2),
therefore, is a point on the line. Similarly, you can find that (−5, 0) is also a point on the
line. Plotting these two points and drawing a straight line through them, gives you the graph
shown above.

22. Graph the equation

Answer: a.
This equation can be graphed as in problem 21, but this equation is in “slope-intercept”
form, y = mx+b. In this case, we know that b is the y-intercept, so (0, b) = (0, 2) is a point
on the line. Since the slope is m = 2/5 , we can count from the y-intercept “up 2, right 5” to
find another point, (5, 4). Drawing the line through these points gives you the graph. The
line is the same as the one from problem 21, but on the Placement Exam, this won’t be the
case.

23 What is the slope of the line pictured?

Answer: m = 5/3 The slope is the change in y over the change in x between any pair of points
on the line. Looking at the graph, the easiest point to see are (0, 5) and (−3, 0). The change
in y is 0−5 = −5, and the change in x is −3−0 = −3. The slope, therefore, is

24. A distance of 1 inch represents 15 miles. If two points on the ground
are 45 miles apart, how far are they apart on the map?

Answer: 3 inches Let’s say the distance we’re looking for is x inches. The distances on the
map are proportional to the actual distances so x is to 45 as 1 is to 15. In other words,
Solving this equation yields x = 3.

25. Substitute m = −4, n = −2, and s = 3 into the expression

Answer: 3 Here, we simply substitute the values into the expression and simplify. Be sure
to follow the order of operations .

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