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Graphing Quadratic functions

Learning Objectives:

1. Graph quadratic functions of the form

2. Find the maximum or minimum value of a
quadratic
function.

3. Model and solve optimization problems
involving quadratic functions.

1. Graphing: The Vertex

The Vertex of a Parabola
Any quadratic function f(x) = ax^2 + bx + c, a ≠ 0, will have vertex

The x- intercepts , if there are any, are found by solving
the quadratic equation

1. Graphing: The x-intercepts

The x-intercepts, if there are any, are found by solving
the quadratic equation

1. Steps to graph Quadratics

Graphing a Quadratic Function Using Its Properties

Step 1: De termine whether the parabola opens up or down.
Step 2: Determine the vertex and axis of symmetry.
Step 3: Determine the y-intercept, f(0).
Step 4: Determine the discriminant, b^2 – 4ac.
  •If b^2 – 4ac > 0, then the parabola has two x -intercepts, which are found by solving f(x) = 0.
  •If b^2 – 4ac = 0, the vertex is the x-intercept.
  •If b^2 – 4ac < 0, there are no x-intercepts.
Step 5: Plot the points . Use the axis of symmetry to find an additional point . Draw the graph of the quadratic function.

1. Graphing Using Properties

Example:
Graph f(x) = –2x^2 – 8x + 4 using its properties.

2. Maximum and Minimum Values

The graph of a quadratic function has a vertex at

The vertex will be the highest point on the graph if a < 0 and will be the maximum value of f.

The vertex will be the lowest point on the graph if a > 0 and will be the minimum value of f.

2. Maximum and Minimum Values

Example:
Determine whether the quadratic function

has a maximum or minimum value. Find the value.

3. Applications Involving Maximization

Example:
The revenue received by a ski resort selling x daily ski lift passes is
given by the function R(x) = – 0.02x^2 + 24x. How many passes
must be sold to maximize the daily revenue?

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